Effects of slaughter methods on physical, biochemical and microbiological quality of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and mirror carp Cyprinus carpio filleted in pre-, in- or post-rigor periods


DURAN A., Erdemli U., KARAKAYA M., YILMAZ M.

FISHERIES SCIENCE, cilt.74, ss.1146-1156, 2008 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

Özet

Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and mirror carp Cyprinus carpio were slaughtered by either percussion or asphyxiation. For determination of the physical (texture value) and biochemical quality attributes [pH, lactic acid, total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N), and malondialdehyde (MDA) values] of trout and carp, the fish were filleted immediately (within 2 h), 12 h after harvest (pre-rigor), 24 and 36 h after harvest (in-rigor), and finally 48 and 60 h after harvest (post-rigor). For microbiological quality attribute (mesophilic and psychrophilic bacteria count) analyses, the fish were filleted immediately (within 2 h) after harvest (pre-rigor), 24 h after harvest (in-rigor) and 48 and 72 h after harvest (post-rigor). By percussion slaughtering followed by pre-rigor filleting, it was possible to process rainbow trout and mirror carp without inflicting excessive handling stress. Percussion slaughter delayed onset of rigor and the percussion-slaughtered fish exhibited a long pre-rigor period (similar to 24 h), giving plenty time for pre-rigor processing. Percussion slaughtering and pre-rigor filleting of fish was considered to be superior to the traditional asphyxiation slaughtering with respect to texture, TVB-N and MDA attributes.