A novel gold carbene complex, bis(1,3-di-p-dimethylaminobenzylimidazolidinylidene) gold(I), was synthesized and polymerized to polyimides in a one-step method with various aromatic dianhyrides. The gold-coordinated polyimides are characterized by IR and NMR (H-1, C-13) spectroscopy. The materials have inherent viscosities that range from 1.88 to 2.39 dl/g and show excellent solubility in N-methylpyrrolidone and N,N-dimethylacetamide. The glass transition temperatures of the coordinated polyimides range from 203-265degreesC and a 5% weight loss in air is observed from 535-578degreesC. The polymers form dark yellow, tough films that are transparent above 365 nm. The effect of different flexible units on the properties of the polyimides is discussed.