Improved photocatalytic activity of Sn4(+)-doped and undoped TiO2 thin film coated stainless steel under UV- and VIS-irradiation

Sayilkan H.

APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL, cilt.319, ss.230-236, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 319
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.apcata.2006.12.012
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.230-236


TiO2 can be used as a photocatalyst because of its semiconductor property. If TiO2 is doped with transition metal ions, its electronic properties are modified. In this work, nanosized Sn4+-doped and undoped TiO2 (TiO2-Sn4+ and TiO2) particles have been synthesized without organic solvent by hydrothermal process at low temperature. Nano-TiO2 particulates having a doping ratio of about 5 [Sn4+/Ti(OBun)4; mol/mol%] allowed to coat the stainless steel substrate by spin-coating technique. The particles and the films were characterized by XRD, SEM, BET and UVNIS/NIR techniques. The photocatalytic performance of the films were tested for degradation of Malachite Green dye in solution under UV and VIS-lights. The results reveal that (a) nano-TiO2 particles are fully anatase crystalline form and are easily dispersed in water, (b) the coated surfaces are hydrophilic, (c) the photocatalytic activity of the TiO2-Sn 41 film is higher than that of the undoped TiO2 film under UV and VIS-light irradiation and, (d) TiO2-Sn4+ film can be repeatedly used with increasing photocatalytic activity compared to undoped TiO2 film. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.