SALT TOLERANCE OF PHYSALIS DURING GERMINATION AND SEEDLING GROWTH


YILDIRIM E., Karlidag H. , DURSUN A.

PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY, cilt.43, ss.2673-2676, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 43 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Dergi Adı: PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.2673-2676

Özet

The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of NaCl salinity on germination and emergence of Physalis ixocarpa and Physalis peruviana. Seeds UP. ixocarpa and P. peruviana were germinated by the use of 0, 30, 60, 90, 120 and 130 mM NaCl solutions in petri dishes. Final germination percentage (FGP) decreased with the increase in NaCl concentration. Both species germinated at the ranges of salinity. P. peruviana gave the greater germination percentages under salt stress than P. ixocarpa. NaCl salinity at different concentrations adversely affected germination rates. For seedling growth, seeds of both species were sown at 10 mm depth in plastic trays filled with peat to determine final emergence percentage (MP). The trays were irrigated manually to saturation every day with 0, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150 or 180 mM NaCl solutions to maintain the level of salinity. Salinity affected seed emergence and seedlings growth more than seed germination. The study showed that no emergence of Physalis was observed at 90, 120 and 180 mM NaCl salinity. Fresh and dry weights of normal seedlings were also evaluated. Salt stress significantly decreased the plant fresh and dry weight of both species. Based on the results of the experiment, it can be concluded that seedling emergence and growth is more sensitive to salt stress than seed germination in Physalis.