Corneal wound healing is an important process that involves interaction between the different corneal cell layers, growth factors, and environmental conditions. More powerful therapies for the treatment of delayed epithelial wound healing are still being proposed. The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of the direct-acting parasympathomimetic agents on the healing process of corneal epithelium in rabbits. The corneal epithelial defects, 10 mm in diameter, were created in 32 eyes of 16 island rabbits by combination of chemical debridement using n-heptanol and mechanical scraping. Animals were randomly divided into four groups. Groups 1, 2 and 3 were treatment groups; each group consisted of four rabbits (8 eyes). The animals in these groups were treated with topical 1% acetylcholine (ACh), 2% pilocarpine, and 0.75% carbachol drops respectively. In group 4, four rabbits (8 eyes) were used as control group and left for spontaneous healing. The length acid area of the defect were measured at days 3,6,9,12,15,18 and 22 after wounding. Areas of the photographically documented fluorescein-stained defects were measured by planimetry. All eyes in the treatment groups reepithelialized completely. The duration for reepithelialization in Groups 1 and 2 was 12 days, and 18 days for Group 3. In the control group reepithelialization occurred within 22 days. The healing rates of corneal epithelium were statistically significantly faster in all treatment groups as compared with the control group at all times (p=0.0001 to 0.0.0279). Although the rates of wound healing varied, all of the parasympathomimetics used in the present study were found to facilitate wound healing. Our results indicate that direct-acting cholinergic agents, especially ACh and pilocarpine, may have an important therapeutic role in the treatment of severe corneal epithelial injury.