The aim of this study was to investigate the extent to which parents of elementary students (1st to 5th) participate in their children's education with regard to some variables. The study was designed based on descriptive survey model and comparative and correlational associative models. The sample of the research comprised 1252 parents whose children studied at 1st to 5th classes of six primary schools in Malatya province. The Parental Involvement Scale was used to collect data. As a result of the analysis, it was found out that parents' level of involvement was high for such tasks as communication with children, creating enabling home settings, supporting child's personality development, and helping with homework, but low especially for volunteering. Also mothers were found to support their children's homework significantly more than fathers (eta(2)=.05 and d=.48). Finally, families' monthly income was found to be positively and moderately associated especially with involvement tasks of supporting child's socio-cultural development and creating enabling home settings, and negatively and moderately with volunteering task.