Fabrication of TiO2 nanotubes by anodization of Ti thin films for VOC sensing

Kilinc N. , Sennik E., Ozturk Z. Z.

THIN SOLID FILMS, cilt.520, ss.953-958, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 520 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.tsf.2011.04.183
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.953-958


Ti thin films were anodized in aqueous HF (0.5wt.%) and in polar organic (0.5wt.% NH4F+ethylene glycol) electrolytes to form TiO2 nanotube arrays. Ti thin films were deposited on microscope glass substrates and then anodized. Anodization was performed at potentials ranging from 5 V to 20 V for the aqueous HF and from 20 V to 60 V for the polar organic electrolytes over the temperatures range from 0 to 20 degrees C. The TiO2 nanotubes were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). It has been observed that anodization of the deposited Ti thin films with aqueous HF solution at 0 degrees C resulted in nanotube-type structures with diameters in the range of 30-80 nm for an applied voltage of 10 V. In addition, the nanotube-type structure is observed for polar organic electrolyte at room temperature at the anodization voltage higher than 40 V. The volatile organic compound (VOC) sensing properties of TiO2 nanotubes fabricated using different electrolytes were investigated at 200 degrees C. The maximum sensor response is obtained for carbon tetrachloride. The sensor response is dependent on porosity of TiO2. The highest sensor response is observed for TiO2 nanotubes which are synthesized using aqueous HF electrolyte and have very high porosity. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.