meta-Cyanobenzyl-substituted N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) precursors were synthesized by the reaction of a series of N-(alkyl)benzimidazolium with 3-bromomethyl-benzonitrile. These benzimidazolium salts were characterized by using H-1 NMR, C-13 NMR, FTIR spectroscopy, and elemental analysis techniques. The molecular and crystal structures of 2f and 2g complexes were obtained by using the single-crystal X-ray diffraction method. The derivatives of these novel NHC precursors were effective inhibitors of -glycosidase (AG), the cytosolic carbonic anhydrase I and II isoforms (hCA I and II), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) with K-i values in the range of 1.01-2.12nM for AG, 189.56-402.44nM for hCA I, 112.50-277.37nM for hCA II, 95.45-352.58nM for AChE, and 132.91-571.18nM for BChE. In the last years, inhibition of the CA enzyme has been considered as a promising factor for pharmacologic intervention in a diversity of disturbances such as obesity, glaucoma, cancer, and epilepsy.