Clinical results and health-related quality of life in otoplasty patients using cartilage resection and suturing methods


TOPLU Y. , Sapmaz E., FIRAT C. , Toplu S. A.

EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY, cilt.271, ss.3147-3153, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 271 Konu: 12
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s00405-013-2799-z
  • Dergi Adı: EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.3147-3153

Özet

In this study, we evaluated clinical results and health-related quality of life in our otoplasty patients in whom we used cartilage resection method (CRM) and suturing method (SM). A total of 132 ears of 77 patients (36 males, 41 females; mean age 14.6 +/- 6.4) between January 2006 and February 2013 were included in this study. Patients were divided into two groups according to the type of surgery performed: Group 1 was the cartilage resection group (CRG) and Group 2 was the suturing group (SG). CRM was performed on 64 ears of 37 patients (unilateral in 10 cases and bilateral in 27 cases), and SM was performed on 68 ears of 40 patients (unilateral in 12 cases and bilateral in 28 cases). The parameters of the groups, including operation time, measurements of the auriculocephalic distances, complication rates, postoperative satisfaction rates, and health-related quality of life were compared. Mean operation time was 53.7 +/- 7.8 min in the CRG and 44.9 +/- 4.2 min in the SG (P a parts per thousand currency sign 0.05). Mean postoperative auriculocephalic measurements were similar in both groups. The complications were more frequent in the CRG (10/37 patients, 27.02 %) than in the SG (3/40 patients, 7.54 %) with statistically significant difference (P < 0.05). Three months after the surgery, visual analog scale increased from 25 (preoperatively) to 70 in the CRG and from 30 to 90 in the SG, with a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05). Patients' health-related quality of life showed a statistically significant increase after the operation in both groups (P < 0.05). CRM and SM are effective treatment methods with high success rates for patients with prominent ears. In the selected cases, SM seems to represent a better option for otoplasty than CRM because clinical results, cosmetic outcomes, patient satisfaction, and health-related quality of life scores were better than CRM.