The IL-8 Gene Polymorphisms in Behcet's Disease Observed in Denizli Province of Turkey

Atalay A., Arikan S., ÖZTÜRK O. , Oncu M., Tasli M. L. , Duygulu S., ...Daha Fazla

IMMUNOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS, cilt.45, ss.298-311, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 45 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3109/08820139.2016.1153652
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.298-311


Behcet's disease is a multisystemic inflammatory disorder as a triad of symptoms including recurrent oral and genital aphthous ulceration and uveitis with unknown pathogenesis. IL-8, a proinflammatory cytokine, has been found increased in the active stage of BD. DNA samples were obtained from 88 patients with BD and 112 healthy control subjects in Denizli province of Turkey. All genotyping experiments of SNPs in IL-8 gene were performed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment polymorphism. We found that IL-8 -845 T > C and -738 T > A sites are non-polymorphic. There were no differences in the polymorphisms of IL-8 + 396 G/T, + 781 C/T, and + 1633 C/T sites except IL-8 -251 T > A in between patients and healthy controls. Analysis of IL-8 polymorphisms indicates that the distribution of frequencies seems to be associated with -251 T > A and gender, -251 T > A and erythema nodosum, -251 T > A and ocular involvement, + 781 C > T and erythema nodosum, + 396 G > T and pathergy positivity, and + 1633 C > T and papulopustular lesion. We demonstrated that the frequencies of IL-8 haplotypes were significantly different with BD patients than control group. We found that the distribution of IL-8 haplotypes was significantly different with genital ulcers, ocular involvement, positive pathergy test, erythema nodosum, papulopustular lesions, and arthritis with BD patients than healthy control individuals. Our study suggests that IL-8 gene polymorphisms may affect susceptibility to BD and increase the risk of developing disease. In order to confirm and assess the association of IL-8 and other cytokine gene polymorphisms in the pathophysiology of BD, large cohort studies are needed.