Thermal and structural characterization of the Bi2-xSmxSr2Ca2Cu3O10+ glass-ceramic system


KIZILASLAN O. , KIRAT G. , AKSAN M. A.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED GLASS SCIENCE, cilt.8, ss.344-351, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 8 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/ijag.12257
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED GLASS SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.344-351

Özet

In this work, investigations on the crystallization and oxidization kinetics of the Sm substituted BiSrCaCuO glass-ceramic system were performed. It has been shown that the Sm ions changed the glassification properties of the BiSrCaCuO system. While fully glass samples were obtained for low Sm-substitution levels (x=0.2 and x=0.4), the Sm containing particles on the surface have grown especially at high Sm-substitution levels (x>0.6) and glassification problem increased. Nonisothermal crystallization kinetics including activation energy for crystallization, E-a, and Avrami parameter, n, of the samples prepared was investigated using differential thermal analysis (DTA) at four different uniform heating rates. The values of glass transition temperature and crystallization temperature exhibited compositional and heating rate dependence. E-a value of the samples showed an increase with increasing the Sm concentration. The Avrami parameter, n, was found approximately 4.5, suggesting the growth of small particles with an increasing nucleation rate. The calculated values of the oxidization rates and the activation energy for oxygen out-diffusion process, E, indicated that the oxygen deficiencies by the Sm substitution in the unit cell of BiSrCaCuO were formed and more oxygen atoms were absorbed to fill the oxygen deficiencies in the system.