Evaluation of Apricot Production in Turkey


Şahiner Öylek H., Karadeniz T., Altun O. T. , Özkan N., Koç H., Uğur Y. , ...Daha Fazla

International Agriculture Congress, Comrat, Moldova, 3 - 06 Mayıs 2018, ss.50

  • Yayın Türü: Bildiri / Özet Bildiri
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Comrat
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Moldova
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.50

Özet

Apricot is a kind of drupe fruit with high economic importance. Its motherland includes Central Asia to China and through Persia and Caucasia and also cultivated in Turkey. Apricot first introduced to Anatolia during the campaigns of Alexander the Great. Due to appropriate climate and soil conditions in Anatolia, it has very well adapted to the land, therefore Anatolia is assumed to be the second motherland of apricot. According to 2016 FAO data, apricot production was occurred to be 3.881.204 tons worldwide, whereas Turkey supply one fifth of world’s production with 730.000 tons. In addition to that, according to FAO (2013) and ITC (2015) data, Turkey is the number one dry apricot producer and exporter of the world. Malatya supplies 85% of dry and 52% of fresh apricot production capacity of Turkey. In Malatya, the production is intensively intended for drying, and nearly 90-95% of dried apricots are exported. Considering these records, it can be seen that Malatya alone has a share of 10% in fresh apricot production, and nearly 65-70% of dry apricot production capacity of the world. Due to this domination in world market, Malatya commemorated with apricot, and Malatya and apricot became two identical words. Approximately 90% of apricots in Malatya are Hacihaliloglu and Kabaasi types. Some other important Malatya apricot cultivars are; Soganci, Hasanbey, Cologlu, Cataloglu, Sekerpare, Yegen, Hacikiz, Ismailaga, and Turfanda. Apricot is mainly consumed either fresh or dry worldwide, besides it is used as row material in several sectors such as fruit juice, appetizers, marmalade, cosmetics and pharmaceutical industry. Apricot’s several areas of use makes it an important commercial good, thus, from this aspect it ensures both widespread and continuous production and marketing features.