"Like a Bird in a Trap": Regional Conflicts, Mercenaries and Proxy Wars in the Amarna Age


TARIH INCELEMELERI DERGISI, cilt.34, ss.537-566, 2019 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 34 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.18513/egetid.661593
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.537-566


14th century BC Syria and Palestine was shaped by particular military, political, economic, social and cultural dynamics. This era, also called the Amarna Age, the conflicts of interest between important trade centres in the region and small political structures were significant factors explaining the changes in great power zones of control and influence. Cities in Syria and Palestine had limited military capabilities, resulting in the expansion of mobility and activity on the part of nomads and marauders in the region. They lacked effective measures against the offensives of small nomad and marauder groups who used the advantages of geography, especially forests and mountainous terrain. Nomads and marauders were also utilized as mercenaries by lesser polities lacking in military defence as well as by great powers with military interests, that is Mitanni, Hittite and Egypt, during periods of conflict. Proxy wars, regional conflicts and relationships based on mutual interests of the quickly turning nomad and vagabond groups which facilitated their rise in political power in regards to nature of the zone in Amarna Age will be discussed in this study.