The aim of this study was to examine solvent-associated effects on blood cytokine levels, antioxidant enzyme activities, and malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration in house painters. Trace element (Cu and Zn) and nitrite and nitrate levels as well as protein concentrations in erythrocytes and serum were determined. Thirty male house painters and 30 male clerical workers were included in the study. There were 13 smokers and 17 nonsmokers in each group. Hemoglobin concentrations were significantly lower in house-painter blood compared to controls. House painters had significantly higher concentrations of erythrocyte protein (excluding hemoglobin), whereas no significant difference was observed between serum protein levels. Proinflammatory cytokine levels, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-8, were significantly increased in house painters' sera. Interleukin-6 was below the detection limit of the assay in both groups. Interleukin-1beta and cytokine receptor interleukin 2R concentrations were not significantly affected. Furthermore, a three- to fourfold increase in nitrite and nitrate concentrations was found in house painters' sera. Serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx) activities were significantly lower in house painters compared to controls. Malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration, a measure of lipid peroxidation, was found to be significantly elevated. In house painters, erythrocyte carbonic anhydrase and catalase activities were elevated approximately 11- fold and 2-fold, respectively. Zinc levels were significantly decreased in house painters' sera. Smoking was not found to be a major confounder for the association between solvent exposure and blood parameters.