Characterization of promising apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) genetic resources in Malatya, Turkey


Asma B. M. , Kan T. , Birhanli O.

GENETIC RESOURCES AND CROP EVOLUTION, cilt.54, ss.205-212, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 54 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10722-005-3809-9
  • Dergi Adı: GENETIC RESOURCES AND CROP EVOLUTION
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.205-212

Özet

The study here was conducted on nearly 12,000 apricot seedlings in the Malatya Region in the Eastern part of Turkey. This region is famous for its horticulture based mainly on apricot production and the Country's highest apricot production originates from this region. The flower and fruit characteristics of all populations, which include apricot seedlings, in the region were evaluated. Based on their horticultural performances, 13 genotypes were selected, of which seven were considered as apricots served in dried form and six as in table consumption form. Among the selected genotypes, the fruit weight ranged between 28.5 and 71.19 g, soluble solids ranged between 12.7 and 26.5%, while the range in total acidity was between 0.35 and 1.80% and fruit development period was between 87 and 183 days. To determine the selected genotypes performance in a similar environment, they were grafted on to 4-year-old rootstocks. The results from these combinations showed that there was some decrease, especially in fruit size and soluble solids, in the genotypes performance when compared to the results of the initial observations. Some differences were also detected in taste, fruit shape, pit shape, fruit flesh firmness, skin and flesh colors. The dry fruit yield was determined as 22.50-28.36% for the selected dry apricot genotypes. The dry fruit yield of all seven genotypes considered for dry consumption were similar to Hacihaliloglu' and higher than 'Canino', which were evaluated as control cultivars.