Background:The aim of the study was to provide an overview of the medical literature on parietal complications of hydatid disease (HD).Methods:A literature search was conducted on PubMed, Medline, Google Scholar, and Google databases in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, using keywords to identify articles related to parietal complications of HD in the thoracic and abdominal cavities. The following keywords were used: HD, hydatid cyst, cystic echinococcosis, alveolar echinococcosis, abdominal HD, thoracic HD, parietal complication, cutaneous fistulization, cystocutaneous fistulization, cutaneous involvement, external rupture, external fistulization, subcutaneous involvement, and subcutaneous abscess. The language of publication, journal, or country was not included as limitation criteria, and publications dated before August 1, 2016, were considered. Articles or abstracts containing adequate information, such as age, sex, cyst size, cyst location, clinical presentation, fistula opening location, and management were included in the study, whereas articles with insufficient clinical and demographic data were excluded.Results:The literature review included 52 articles involving 55 patients with parietal complications of HD. Thirty-two articles were written in English, 15 in French, 2 in Spanish, 1 in Italian, 1 in German and 1 in Russian. All 55 patients (women, 30; men, 23; unknown, 2) involved in the study were aged 7 to 93 (meanstandard deviation, 54.5 +/- 20.2) years. A total of 24 patients had cysto-cutaneous fistula (Echinococcus granulosus), 12 had subcutaneous rupture, 10 had cutaneous fistula (E multilocularis), 3 had cystosubcutaneous abscess, 3 had cysto-cutaneo-bronchial fistula, 2 had cysto-cutaneo-bronchio-biliary fistula, and 1 had cutaneo-bronchial fistula. E granulosus were detected in 43 and E multilocularis in 12 patients through clinical, radiological, or histopathological examinations.Conclusion:Parietal complications such as cysto-cutaneous fistulization are a rare complication of HD. Complicated HD should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with cutaneous involvement, especially in HD endemic regions.