This study discussed the significance and function of regional geography courses taught in Faculty of Arts and Sciences Geography Departments in Turkey along with the pedagogical and scientific role of the course. The study sought answers to the following questions: What should be taken into consideration and what subtitles should be included to carry out a country's geographical analysis and to prepare its geographical ID? What should regional geography teachers take into consideration in terms of collecting resources, performing country analyses and planning training and education? What main titles and sub titles should the complex working method of regional geography include? Which learning domains should be prioritized in 21st century regional geography courses? What is the national and global significance of regional geography course for the students? What are the main tasks of regional geography teachers in the globalized world?