International Biological, Agricultural & Life Science Congress, Lviv, Ukrayna, 7 - 08 Kasım 2019, ss.37
Turkey has the possibility to grow a large number of plant species / varieties. It has an important position
in the world both in vegetable cultivation and fruit cultivation. As well as many fruits, it is also a country
that have said in apricot production. Even though its homeland is not our country, Apricot is a kind of
fruit which has widely acclimatized in many microclimate fields in Anatolia. This fruit is produced at
most in Turkey. Uzbekistan, Iran, Algeria and Pakistan are other important producer countries except
Turkey in world apricot production. About 55% of apricot production in Turkey take place in Malatya.
The vast majority of production is directed towards the production of dried apricot. In this city, the
apricot is utilised for many purposes. The apricot fruit is used in the production of jam, marmalade, jelly,
pulp, chocolate, cake, nectar and perfume. In addition, the kickshaw, fat, benzaldehyde, activated
carbon, amygdalin and hydrocyanic acid are obtained from the its seed. Malatya with the number of
trees, amount of production and export figures, are not only Turkey but also the world's most important
apricot central. Thanks to its potential, it deserves exceedingly the title of "World Apricot Capital".
106,000 tons dried apricot were exported to the world in 2016. 75% of this amount belongs to Turkey.
Malatya alone cover 85% of this figure. In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the production status of the
Malatya province, its potential and the expectations of the future of apricot.