Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) is a connective tissue disease with heterogeneous subgroups. In type IV EDS, also known as vascular EDS (VEDS), the underlying genetic anomaly consists of a mutation of the COL3A1 gene encoding the type III procollagen. As a result of the mutation, pathological findings due to excessive brittleness of the tubular organs or vessels occur. In our case, we present a patient with sudden death due to colon perforation which was diagnosed with EDS type IV after further examination in the autopsy. Forensic medicine experts should consider the possibility of EDS type IV after the detection of spontaneous ruptures in the internal organs during the autopsy. We think that it would be appropriate to report this autosomal dominant and potentially fatal condition to family members.