Mass spectrometric assays for the tandem lesion 8,5 '-cyclo-2 '-deoxyguanosine in mammalian DNA


Jaruga P., Birincioglu M., Rodriguez H., Dizdaroglu M.

BIOCHEMISTRY, cilt.41, ss.3703-3711, 2002 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 41 Konu: 11
  • Basım Tarihi: 2002
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1021/bi016004d
  • Dergi Adı: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.3703-3711

Özet

8,5'-Cyclopurine 2'-deoxynucleosides are among the major lesions in DNA that are formed by attack of hydroxyl radical. These compounds represent a concomitant damage to both sugar and base moieties of the same nucleoside and thus can be considered tandem lesions. Because of the presence of a covalent bond between the sugar and purine moieties, these tandem lesions are not repaired by base excision repair but by nucleotide excision repair. Thus, they may play a role in diseases with defective nucleotide excision repair. We recently reported the identification and quantification of 8,5'-cyclo-2'-deoxyadenosine (8,5'-cdAdo) in DNA by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry with the isotope dilution technique (LC/IDMS) [Dizdaroglu, M., Jaruga, P., and Rodriguez, H. (2001) Free Radical Biol. Med. 30, 774-784]. In the present work, we investigated the measurement of 8,5'-cyclo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8,5'-cdGuo) in DNA by LC/IDMS. A methodology was developed for the separation of both (5'R)- and (5'S)-diastereomers of this compound in enzymic hydrolysates of DNA. The mass spectra were recorded using an atmospheric pressure ionization-electrospray process in the positive ionization mode. For quantification, stable isotope-labeled analogues of (5'R)-8,5'-cdGuo and (5'S)-8,5'-cdGuo were prepared and isolated by semipreparative LC to be used as internal standards. The sensitivity level of LC/MS in the selected ion monitoring mode (LC/MS-SIM) was determined to be approximately 15 fmol of these compounds on the LC column. The yield of 8,5'-cdGuo was measured in DNA exposed in aqueous solution to ionizing radiation at doses from 2.5 to 40 Gy. For comparison, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry with the isotope dilution technique (GC/IDMS) was also employed to measure both (5'R)-8,5'-cdGuo and (5'S)-8,5'-cdGuo in DNA. Both techniques yielded nearly identical results. The radiation chemical yield of 8,5'-cdGuo was similar to those of other major purine-derived lesions in DNA. The sensitivity level of GC/MS-SIM was determined to be significantly greater than that of LC/MS-SIM (1 vs 15 fmol). The background levels of (5'R)-8,5'-cdGuo and (5'S)-8,5'-cdGuo were measured in calf thymus DNA and in DNA samples isolated from three different types of cultured human cells. The levels of (5'R)-8,5'-cdGuo and (5'S)-8,5'-cdGuo were approximately 2 lesions/10(6) DNA nucleosides and 10 lesions/10(6) DNA nucleosides, respectively. No significant differences between tissues were observed in terms of these background levels. The results showed that both LC/IDMS and GC/IDMS are well suited for the sensitive detection and precise quantification of both (5'R)-8,5'-cdGuo and (5'S)-8,5'-cdGuo in DNA.