Role of 24-epibrassinolide in mitigating the adverse effects of salt stress on stomatal conductance, membrane permeability, and leaf water content, ionic composition in salt stressed strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa)


Karlidag H. , YILDIRIM E., Turan M.

SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE, cilt.130, ss.133-140, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 130 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.scienta.2011.06.025
  • Dergi Adı: SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.133-140

Özet

In order to study the effect of brassinosteroids on the amelioration of the inhibitory effect of salinity on strawberry plants, a short-term experiment was conducted in greenhouse to test different concentrations of 24-epibrassinolide (24-EBL) (0.0, 0.5, and 1 mu M) by foliar application on some agro-physiological properties, such as shoot dry weight, and root dry weight, stomatal conductance (SC), leaf relative water content (LRWC), leaf chlorophyll reading values (LCRV) and membrane permeability (MP) of strawberry 'Fern' and 'A6' cultivars irrigated with salt water (35 mM NaCl). 24-EBL solutions were applied twice during late afternoon hours with 7d intervals using a hand-held sprayer. Plant shoot dry weight, root dry weight, SC, LRWC and LCRV were reduced by 29-33%, 45-15%, 71-55%. 11-13%, and 12-13% for 'A6' and 'Fern' cultivars at 35 mM (without 24-EBL applied), respectively, as compared to the nonsaline treatment, but MP increased 40% and 12%. An exogenous supply of 24-EBL was found to be successful in alleviating of the inhibitory effects of salt stress on plant growth parameters and nutrient contents. 24-EBL (1 mu M) application under saline condition significantly increased shoot and root dry matter, SC, LRWC and LCRV of plants, and alleviation effects of 1 mu M 24-EBL application was 20%, 15%, 122%, 5.8%, and 10.9% for 'A6' and 47%, 8.0%, 83%, 33.3% and 6.0% for 'Fern' cultivars, respectively. Macro-micro element content of plant leaf and root increased with increase 24-EBL except for Na under salinity stress. These results support the view that supplementary 24-EBL application can overcome the effects of salinity stress on plant growth and growth parameter under saline conditions. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.