Antioxidant Activities and Oxidative Stabilities of Some Unconventional Oilseeds


ULUATA S. , ÖZDEMİR N.

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS SOCIETY, cilt.89, ss.551-559, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 89 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s11746-011-1955-0
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS SOCIETY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.551-559

Özet

The oils of some unconventional oilseeds (hemp, radish, terebinth, stinging nettle, laurel) were obtained by a cold-press method in which the total oil content, fatty acids, tocopherol isomers, some metal contents (Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu), antioxidant activity and oxidative stability were determined. The total oil content was determined ranging between 30.68 and 43.12%, and the oil samples had large amounts of unsaturated fatty acids, with oleic acid and linoleic acid. Of all the oils, terebinth seed oil had the highest alpha-tocopherol content (102.21 +/- 1.01 mg/kg oil). Laurel oilseed had the highest antiradical activity in both the DPPH and ABTS assays. The peroxide value of the non-oxidized oils ranged between 0.51 and 3.73 mequiv O-2/kg oil. The TBARS value of the non-oxidized oils ranged between 0.68 +/- 0.02 and 6.43 +/- 0.48 mmol MA equiv/g oil. At 110 degrees C, the Rancimat induction period of the oils ranged between 1.32 and 43.44 h. The infrared spectra of the samples were recorded by FTIR spectroscopy. The absorbance values of the spectrum bands were observed and it was determined that some of the chemical groups of oxidized oils caused changes in absorbance. As a result of the present research, the analyzed oils could be evaluated as an alternative to traditionally consumed vegetable oils or as additives to them.