Electrical conduction and NO2 gas sensing properties of ZnO nanorods


Sahin Y., Ozturk S., Kilinc N. , Kosemen A., Erkovan M., Ozturk Z. Z.

APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, cilt.303, ss.90-96, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 303
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.02.083
  • Dergi Adı: APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.90-96

Özet

Thermally stimulated current (TSC), photoresponse and gas sensing properties of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods were investigated depending on heating rates, illumination and dark aging times with using sandwich type electrode system. Vertically aligned ZnO nanorods were grown on indium tin oxide (ITO) coated glass substrate by hydrothermal process. TSC measurements were performed at different heating rates under constant potential. Photoresponse and gas sensing properties were investigated in dry air ambient at 200 degrees C. For gas sensing measurements, ZnO nanorods were exposed to NO2 (100 ppb to 1 ppm) in dark and illuminated conditions and the resulting resistance transient was recorded. It was found from dark electrical measurements that the dependence of the dc conductivity on temperature followed Mott's variable range hopping (VRH) model. In addition, response time and recovery times of ZnO nanorods to NO2 gas decreased by exposing to white light. (C) 2014 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.