The relationship between serum trace element changes and visual function in heavy smokers

Uz E., Sahin S., Hepsen I., Var A., Sogut S., Akyol O.

ACTA OPHTHALMOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA, vol.81, no.2, pp.161-164, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Purpose: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate serum manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) levels and visual functions including visual acuity, colour vision, pattern visual evoked potentials (PVEPs), and contrast sensitivity in heavy smokers and to compare these with the equivalent levels and functions in non-smokers.