Purpose This study aimed to adapt the Childbirth Perception Scale (CPS) to the Turkish language and to test its validity and reliability. Design and Methods This methodological study was conducted with 240 puerperants. Findings The confirmatory factor analysis of the index values showed a good fit. The internal consistency coefficients were 0.74 for the delivery perception, 0.65 for the first postpartum week perception and 0.70 for the total. The total correlation of the CPS items and the test-retest correlation showed high-reliability levels. Practice Implications Based on the study results, the Turkish language version of the CPS is valid and reliable.