The alloy Stellite-6 was cast with 6% Mo. Then, some pieces of this alloy were cooled in water after annealing at 950 degrees C for 2 h. A piece of the water-cooled samples was cooled in liquid nitrogen again. Later, all of the samples were investigated using metallographic and x-ray diffraction techniques and thermal (DSC and DTA) analysis methods. The hardnesses were also measured as 40, 46 and 49 HRC for samples cast, cooled in water and cooled in liquid nitrogen, respectively. In addition to mu, R and sigma phases, it was determined that various metal carbides such as MC, M7C3, M23C6, M6C and some other inter-metallic phases may exist in these samples. It was identified by x-ray diffraction that a phase transformation from alpha phase with fcc (face centered cubic) structure to epsilon phase with hcp (hexagonal close-packed) structure occurred in the sample cooled in water, the amount of the epsilon phase (martensite phase) increasing in the sample cooled in the liquid nitrogen, and the hardnesses of these samples also increasing. In addition, from the DTA curves it was seen that a second allotropic transformation of cobalt from alpha phase to epsilon phase had taken place in the temperature range between the Curie temperature (1121 degrees C) and 1223 degrees C for all of the samples. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science S.A.