Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Three Thymus Taxa from Turkey with Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities


KÜÇÜKBAY F., KUYUMCU E., Celen S., Azaz A. D. , ARABACI T.

RECORDS OF NATURAL PRODUCTS, vol.8, no.2, pp.110-120, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Journal Name: RECORDS OF NATURAL PRODUCTS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.110-120
  • Keywords: Thymus migricus, Thymus fallax, Thymus pubescens, antimicrobial activity, antioxidant activity, OREGANO ESSENTIAL OIL, ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY, ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY, ASPERGILLUS, CARVACROL, PRODUCTS, EXTRACTS, CANDIDA, PLANTS
  • Inonu University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

GC-MS analysis of the essential oils from aerial parts of Thymus migricus Klokov & Des.-Shost, Thymus fallax Fisch. & Mey. and Thymus pubescens Boiss. & Kotschy ex Celak var. pubescens resulted in the identification of 26, 35 and 53 constituents, respectively. The major components in the essential oil of T. migricus were found to be alpha-terpineol (30.6%), thymol (20.7%) and alpha-terpinyl acetate (14.9%) while in the essentiol oil of T. fallax cis-carveol (29.6%) and alpha-terpineol (10.8%). Carvacrol was a dominant compound with a percentage 66.1% of the essential oil of T. pubescens var. pubescens. The data obtained indicate that the essential oils of Thymus species generally exhibit some bacteriostatic activity. The antioxidant activity of the tested essential oils were found to be slightly lower than butylatedhydroxyanisole (BHA).