Antimicrobial and Herbicidal Activities of the Essential Oil from the Mediterranean Thymus eigii


ULUKANLI Z., ÇENET M., Ince H., YILMAZTEKİN M.

JOURNAL OF ESSENTIAL OIL BEARING PLANTS, vol.21, no.1, pp.214-222, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/0972060x.2017.1327824
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF ESSENTIAL OIL BEARING PLANTS
  • Page Numbers: pp.214-222
  • Keywords: Essential oil, Thymus, eigii, antimicrobial, phytotoxic, ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES, CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION, DAENENSIS CELAK., ANTIFUNGAL, CARVACROL, EXTRACTS

Abstract

Essential oil (EO) of Thymus eigii (Lamiaceae) was hydrodistillated and characterized using with GC/MS. Forty-three constituents were determined accounting 100 % of the EO. The predominant constituents were thymol (24.77 %), carvacrol (14.00 %), p-cymene (10.91 %), -terpinene (6.53 %) and borneol (6.48 %). EO showed different levels of antimicrobial activities on test microorganisms. C. albicans, C. parapsilosis and S. aureus ATCC 29213 had the MIC/MFC/MBC values with 0.07/0.18 mg/ml, 0.18/0.36 mg/ml and 0.36/1.22 mg/ml respectively. EO of T. eigii exhibited pronounced herbicidal activities by inhibiting the germination and the growth of the seedlings of all plant species.