Neonates are obligate nasal breathers, and any form of neonatal nasal obstruction may have serious consequences. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment are essential to avoid severe hypoxia. Congenital bony nasal stenosis (CBNS) is an extremely rare cause of neonatal nasal airway obstruction and can easily be confused with choanal atresia or stenosis. This is a paper to describe a balloon dilatation technique that can be an effective alternative to surgery for the treatment of congenital nasal cavity stenosis, with minimal stress to the patient. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.