Microstructural Changes in Uterine Leiomyomas and Myometrium: A Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

ERDEM G., Celik O., Karakas H. M., Hascalik S., Firat A. K.

GYNECOLOGIC AND OBSTETRIC INVESTIGATION, vol.67, no.4, pp.217-222, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 67 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000195631
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.217-222
  • Inonu University Affiliated: Yes


Although morphological and histopathological changes in uterine leiomyomas have been investigated in detail, the microstructural disruptions could not be studied in the living organism. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) is a novel tool to assess microstructural changes in vivo. The aim of this study was to investigate and characterize the diffusional property of leiomyomatous tissues with DWI. Sixteen females with a total of 21 leiomyomas were imaged with a 1.5-tesla clinical MR scanner. DWI images of leiomyomas, adjacent myometrial and myometrial tissues of healthy controls were obtained and quantified using apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps. Mean ADC values of these groups were 1,201, 1,684, 1,661 mm(2)/s x 10(-6), respectively. ADC values in leiomyomas were significantly lower than those observed in the myometrium (p < 0.001). Cut-off values produced 91% sensitivity and 100% specificity. As ADC values implied the presence of cytotoxic edema in leiomyomas, the technique was found to be promising in observing temporal variations in leiomyomas and to monitor even the most subtle effects of therapeutic interventions. Copyright (C) 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel