Managing weeds using crop competition in soybean [Glycine max (L.) CrossMark Melt]


Datta A., Ullah H., Tursun N. , Pornprom T., Knezevic S. Z. , Chauhan B. S.

CROP PROTECTION, cilt.95, ss.60-68, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

Özet

Soybean (Glycine max (L) Merr.) is an important crop worldwide for both protein meal and vegetable oil. Soybean accounts for more than 50% of the global oilseed production. Weed infestation is a complex and regular threat to soybean production all over the world. To combat this threat, chemical, mechanical, and cultural methods are generally used. There has been a revived interest in weed suppression through improved crop competitiveness as an alternative aid in weed management. Different approaches could be utilized to increase crop competitiveness such as adjustment of row spacing, optimum seeding rate, and use of genotypes with high weed-competitive ability. During the past several decades, adoption of narrow row spacing has become increasingly popular among soybean growers primarily because of yield advantage and early canopy closure, which directly provides greater weed suppression. Adoption of narrow rows significantly reduces the density and biomass of late\-season emerging weeds and delays the critical time for weed removal compared with wide rows. An increase in seeding density/plant population also suppresses weeds by earlier canopy closure, especially when combined with narrow row spacing. Competitive abilities of different soybean cultivars against different weed species are not consistent. Interseeding cover crops after establishment of soybean also can be a viable option for weed suppression as long as cover crops do not compete with soybean, or act as weeds themselves. Integrated weed management is considered to be the most effective approach for long-term and sustainable management of weeds in soybean. The objective of this article is to provide an overview of currently known cropping practices for improving soybean competitiveness against weeds. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.