TURKISH NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS AND TRANSPLANTATION JOURNAL, cilt.22, ss.304-306, 2013 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Gluteal compartment syndrome is a rare reason of rhabdomyolysis resulting from atraumatic origin, and leading to renal failure. Beside to other atraumatic causes like drug abuse, alcohol intoxication, and antihyperlipidemic medications prolonged operation duration in a fi xed position is an important cause of this syndrome. Male sex, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and obesity are risk factors for gluteal compartment syndrome associated kidney failure. We report a 56 year old obese patient with a medical history of diabetes mellitus, and hypertension who undergo a nephrectomy operation resulting with gluteal compartment syndrome, and chronic kidney disease. We also highlight the importance of preventive cares and early recognition of gluteal compartment syndrome to avoid further morbidity.