Purpose The purpose of this study is to determine the correlation between having a baby of the desired gender and related factors. Design and Methods The participants were 612 women who gave birth to their babies in the postpartum unit of a hospital in Malatya, Turkey. Findings Factors linked to having a baby of the desired gender were: having had a gender preference in a previous pregnancy (2.13 times on average; P = 0.001), their partners having a gender preference (2.87 times on average; P = 0.001 and 0.005). Practice Implications It was found that having a baby of the desired gender was an important factor that affected some fertility characteristics. Implications for Nursing Practice It is important to recognize that gender preference exists and investigate it as a variable.