Preparation and characterization of activated carbons by one-step steam pyrolysis/activation from apricot stones

Sentorun-Shalaby C., Ucak-Astarlioglu M., Artok L., Sarici C.

MICROPOROUS AND MESOPOROUS MATERIALS, cilt.88, ss.126-134, 2006 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 88
  • Basım Tarihi: 2006
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.micromeso.2005.09.003
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.126-134


The activated carbons were prepared from Malatya (a city located in the south-east of Turkey) apricot stones by one-step steam pyrolysis/activation process and characterized for their pore structures. Three kinds of apricot stones that differ in their sulfur content, because of the different drying processes, were chosen for this study to investigate the effect of sulfur in the activated carbon production. The effect of process variables, such as activation temperature, soak time, and particle size range was studied on these samples. The activation temperature and time tested were in the ranges of 650-850 degrees C for 1-4 h. The activated carbons were evaluated for their chemical (elemental composition), surface (BET surface area, mercury porosimetry), and adsorption (iodine number) properties. Carbonization behavior of the apricot stones was investigated by thermogravimetric analysis. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to follow the changes in the carbon texture upon activation.