Synthesis of silver(I) and palladium(II) N-heterocyclic carbene complexes and their use as catalysts for the direct C5 arylation of heteroaromatic compounds

Yigit B., Yigit M., Dagdeviren Z., ÖZDEMİR İ.

TRANSITION METAL CHEMISTRY, vol.41, no.7, pp.751-757, 2016 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11243-016-0075-y
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.751-757


Silver(I) N-heterocyclic carbene complexes were synthesized in good yields by the reactions of 1,3-dialkylperhydrobenzimidazolium salts with silver(I) oxide in dichloromethane. The silver complexes were used as carbene-transfer agents to synthesize palladium(II) N-heterocyclic carbene complexes. All of the complexes were characterized by physicochemical and spectroscopic methods. The new palladium complexes were tested as catalysts in the direct C5 arylation of 2-n-butylfuran, 2-n-butylthiophene and 2-n-propylthiazole with aryl bromides at 130 A degrees C in N,N-dimethylacetamide. The arylation reactions proceeded selectively at the C5 position of the heteroaromatic compounds, and the corresponding coupling products were obtained in moderate to good yields by using 0.5 mol% of the palladium complex.