The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a change in the follicular fluid metabolomics profile due to endometrioma is identifiable. Twelve women with ovarian endometriosis (aged<40 years, with a body mass index [BMI] of <30 kg/m(2)) and 12 age- and BMI-matched controls (women with infertility purely due to a male factor) underwent ovarian stimulation for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Follicular fluid samples were collected from both of groups at the time of oocyte retrieval for ICSI. Next, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy was performed for the collected follicular fluids. The metabolic compositions of the follicular fluids were then compared using univariate and multivariate statistical analyses of NMR data. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses of NMR data showed that the metabolomic profiles of the follicular fluids obtained from the women with ovarian endometriosis were distinctly different from those obtained from the control group. In comparison with the controls, the follicular fluids of the women with ovarian endometriosis had statistically significant elevated levels of lactate, beta-glucose, pyruvate, and valine. We conclude that the levels of lactate, beta-glucose, pyruvate, and valine in the follicular fluid of the women with endometrioma were higher than those of the controls.