The optimization process is a process that aims to find the minimum or maximum point according to the objective function. Many different algorithms have been developed for optimization problems. While analytical methods are committed to finding the exact solution specific to their problem, heuristic methods are committed to finding the best solution to the larger set of problems. Mathematical models of the system and the objective function are needed to solve the problems. General purpose heuristic optimization algorithms are evaluated in eight different groups including physics, biology, social, herd, music, chemistry, sports and mathematics. In this study, Be about Water Cycle Algorithm, Electromagnetic Field Optimization, Big Bang Big Crunch, Gravitational Search Algorithm, Optics Inspired Optimization, the performance results of 5 different algorithms were compared for Sphere, Rastrigin, Rosenbrock, Griewank and Ackley test functions. In consequence of the number of stated population, size, run and iteration, after the minimum, maximum, standard deviation, and their mean values were established, their superiority to each other was determined.