A potential non-invasive glioblastoma treatment: Nose-to-brain delivery of farnesylthiosalicylic acid incorporated hybrid nanoparticles


Sekerdag E., Lule S., Pehlivan S. B. , Ozturk N. , Kara A., Kaffashi A., ...Daha Fazla

JOURNAL OF CONTROLLED RELEASE, cilt.261, ss.187-198, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 261
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jconrel.2017.06.032
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF CONTROLLED RELEASE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.187-198

Özet

New drug delivery systems are highly needed in research and clinical area to effectively treat gliomas by reaching a high antineoplastic drug concentration at the target site without damaging healthy tissues. Intranasal (IN) administration, an alternative route for non-invasive drug delivery to the brain, bypasses the blood-brainbarrier (BBB) and eliminates systemic side effects. This study evaluated the antitumor efficacy of farnesylthiosalicylic acid (FTA) loaded (lipid-cationic) lipid-PEG-PLGA hybrid nanoparticles (HNPs) after IN application in rats. FTA loaded HNPs were prepared, characterized and evaluated for cytotoxicity. Rat glioma 2 (RG2) cells were implanted unilaterally into the right striatum of female Wistar rats. 10 days later, glioma bearing rats received either no treatment, or 5 repeated doses of 500 mu M freshly prepared FTA loaded HNPs via IN or intravenous (IV) application. Pre-treatment and post-treatment tumor sizes were determined with MRI. After a treatment period of 5 days, IN applied FTA loaded HNPs achieved a significant decrease of 55.7% in tumor area, equal to IV applied FTA loaded HNPs. Herewith, we showed the potential utility of IN application of FTA loaded HNPs as a non-invasive approach in glioblastoma treatment.