The effects of different cement dosages, slumps and pumice aggregate ratios on the freezing and thawing of concrete

Tuekmen I., DEMIRBOĞA R., GUL R.

COMPUTERS AND CONCRETE, vol.3, pp.163-175, 2006 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 3
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.12989/cac.2006.3.2_3.163
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.163-175


This research was conducted to determine effect of pumice aggregate ratio, cement dosage and slumps on freeze-thaw resistance, density, water absorption and elasticity of concrete. In the first batch, 300 kg/m(3) cement dosage were kept constant and pumice ratios were changed as 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of replacement for normal aggregate by volume for 3 +/- 1 cm, 5 +/- 1 cm and 7 +/- 1 cm slumps. Other batches were prepared with 200 kg/m(3), 250 kg/m(3), 350 kg/m(3), 400 kg/m(3) and 500 kg/m(3) cement dosages and 25% pumice aggregate +75% normal aggregate at a constant slump. Test results showed that when pumice-aggregate ratio decreased the density and freeze-thaw resistance of concretes increased. With increasing of cement dosage in the mixtures, density of the concretes increased, however, freeze-thaw resistance of concretes decreased. Water absorption of the concrete decreased with increasing cement dosage but increased with the pumice ratio. Water absorption of the concrete also decreased after freeze-thaw cycles. Freeze-thaw resistance of concretes was decreased with increasing the slumps.