Gastrointestinal perforations in children: A continuing challenge to nonoperative treatment of blunt abdominal trauma

Ulman I., Avanoglu A., Ozcan C., Demircan M. , Ozok G., Erdener A.

JOURNAL OF TRAUMA-INJURY INFECTION AND CRITICAL CARE, cilt.41, ss.110-113, 1996 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 41 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 1996
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1097/00005373-199607000-00017
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.110-113


The present trend towards conservative management of hemodynamically stable pediatric trauma patients may be increasing the risk of delay in the diagnosis of traumatic hollow viscus perforations (HVP). The purpose of this study is to determine whether there is a delay in the diagnosis of HVP because of expectant management, A survey of factors leading to diagnostic delay was also made and the value of current diagnostic tools were reevaluated. In 1,283 trauma admissions between 1980-1994, 34 patients were operated for HVP caused by blunt abdominal trauma, Sites of perforation were; stomach (four), duodenum (five), jejunum (12), ileum (nine), and jejunum/ileum (four). Signs of peritoneal irritation were positive in 32 of 34 patients, There was free air in only six of: 24 abdominal roentgenograms. Free peritoneal fluid without solid organ injury was detected in only four out of 13 patients with ultrasound, Peritoneal lavage was diagnostic in eight of nine patients. Time from admission to operating room averaged 24 +/- 4.1 (mean +/- standard deviation) hours, Eleven patients died after the operation mostly because of accompanying head injury, Only two of the deaths were the result of sepsis originating from the perforated bowel.