Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Achillea cretica L. (Asteraceae) from Turkey


KÜÇÜKBAY F. , KUYUMCU E. , BILENLER T., Yildiz B.

NATURAL PRODUCT RESEARCH, cilt.26, ss.1668-1675, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 26 Konu: 18
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/14786419.2011.599808
  • Dergi Adı: NATURAL PRODUCT RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1668-1675

Özet

Hydrodistilled volatile oil from the aerial parts of Achillea cretica L. (Asteraceae) was analysed by a combination of GC and GC/MS. Seventy-six components were identified, constituting 86.4% of the oil. The main constituents of the essential oil were caryophylladienol-II (13.4%), beta-maaliene (6.1%), neo-intermedeol (6.0%), carvone (4.9%), spathulenol (4.5%), palmitic acid (3.3%) and selina-3,11-dien-6 alpha-ol (3.2%). The antimicrobial activity was evaluated by the broth-dilution method on nine microbial strains and showed to be quite strong against the Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus. The antibacterial properties of A. cretica justify its use in traditional medicine for the treatment of wounds, contaminated through bacterial infections.