An evaluation of an offshore energy installation for the Black Sea region of Turkey and the effects on a regional decrease in greenhouse gas emissions


Akdag O., YEROĞLU C.

GREENHOUSE GASES-SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/ghg.1963
  • Dergi Adı: GREENHOUSE GASES-SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Özet

Offshore wind power plants (OWPPs), which are not yet installed in Turkey, are becoming a popular method of energy production around the world because of their environmentally friendly nature. Thus, the installation of OWPPs should be an important agenda item in terms of Turkey's renewable energy policies as a contribution to the global greenhouse gas emission targets. This study proposes a model for installing OWPPs in a suitable part of the Black Sea region of Turkey and simulates the results. The suitable locations for OWPP installation were evaluated according to the technical and geographical conditions of this region and site criteria. Meteorological data from these locations were analyzed in the Wind Atlas Analysis and Application Program (WAsP) to determine the best location. In this study, an OWPP model with a 204.6 MW installed power capacity was proposed for the identified location, which has a wind speed of 8.77 m s(-1) and a wind power density of 348 W m(-2). Then, an OWPP model and regional energy transmission system was modeled using DigSilent software. The load flow analysis was performed using this model, and the results show that 7616 tons of toxic gas and 1.527 million tons of greenhouse gas could be reduced in the region in a year if the proposed OWPP were put into operation. Thus, with the installation of OWPP, this study shows that annual CO2 emissions can be reduced by 7.63% for the entire Black Sea region. (c) 2020 Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.