Effects of mechanical activation of colemanite (Ca2B6O11 center dot 5H(2)O) on its thermal transformations


UYSAL T. , MUTLU H. S. , ERDEMOĞLU M.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MINERAL PROCESSING, cilt.151, ss.51-58, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 151
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.minpro.2016.04.006
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MINERAL PROCESSING
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.51-58

Özet

In this study, effects of mechanical activation on the thermal characteristics of colemanite (Ca2B6O11 center dot 5H(2)O) were examined with respect to its decrepitation behavior observed during the heating processes. Mechanical activation was achieved by milling (up to 150 min) in a planetary ball mill using tungsten carbide milling media. Crystallinity of the milled colemanite samples was determined by performing X-ray powder diffraction analysis. In this manner, milling conditions at which crystalline colemanite transforms to amorphous structure were obtained. Thermal gravimetric (TG) analyses together with differential thermal (DTA) and differential thermogravimetric (DTG) analysis were performed to determine how prolonged milling affects the thermal behavior of colemanite. It was found by examining the DTA data that intensive milling gives rise to removal of the crystal water from colemanite at low temperatures, which can be attributed to mechanical activation. DTG analysis revealed that mechanical activation decreases the rate of water removal from colemanite structure throughout the heating. It was suggested that mechanical activation eliminates the decrepitation almost completely, so that there is no need for pre-calcining operation which is generally required before manufacturing the colemanite-based high temperature materials. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.