Mineral chemistry, crystallization conditions and magma mixing-mingling at Orduzu volcano (Malatya), Eastern Anatolia, Turkey

Onal A.

GEOLOGICAL JOURNAL, cilt.43, ss.95-116, 2008 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 43 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2008
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/gj.1105
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.95-116


consists of a rhyolitic lava flow, rhyolitic dykes, a trachyandesitic lava flow and basaltic trachyandesitic dykes. Existence of mafic enclaves and globules in some of the volcanic rocks, and microtextures in phenocrysts indicate that magma mingling and mixing between andesitic and basaltic melts played an important role in the evolution of the volcanic suite. Major and trace element characteristics of the volcanic rocks are similar to those formed in convergent margin settings. In particular, incompatible trace element patterns exhibit large depletions in high field strength elements (Nb and Ta) and strong enrichments in both large ion lithofile elements (Ba, Th and U) and light rare earth elements, indicating a strong subduction signature in the source of the volcanic rocks. Furthermore, petrochemical data obtained suggest that parental magmas of rhyolite lava and dykes, and trachyandesite lava and basaltic trachyandesite dykes were derived from subduction-related enriched lithospheric mantle and metasomatized mantle (asthenosphere), respectively. A detailed mineralogical study of the volcanic suite shows that plagioclase is the principal phenocryst phase in all of the rock units from the Orduzu volcano. The plagioclase phenocrysts are accompanied by quartz in the rhyolitic lava flows and by two pyroxenes in the trachyandesitic lava flows and basaltic trachyandesitic dykes. Oxide phases in all rocks are magnetite and ilmenite. Calculated crystallization temperatures range from 650 degrees C to 800 degrees C for plagioclase, 745 degrees C-1054 degrees C for biotite, 888 degrees C-915 degrees C for pyroxene and 736 degrees C-841 degrees C for magnetite-ilmenite pairs. Calculated crystallization pressures of pyroxenes vary between 1.24-5.81 kb, and oxygen fugacity range from - 14.47 to - 12.39. The estimates of magmatic intensive parameters indicate that the initial magma forming the Orduzu volcanic unit began to crystallize in a high-level magma chamber and then was stored in a shallow reservoir where it underwent intermediate-mafic mixing. The rhyolitic lava flow and dykes evolved in relatively shallower crustal magma chambers. Copyright (C) 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.