Acute Effect Of Static Warm Up Duration On 50 Meter Freestyle And Breaststroke Performance


Journal of Athletic Performance and Nutrition, vol.3, no.2, pp.1-10, 2016 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 3 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Athletic Performance and Nutrition
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-10


The purpose of this study was to determine the acute effect of different static warm up durations on sub-elite female swimmers on 50 m free and breaststroke swimming performance. Ten sub-elite women swimmers (age 22.46 ± 2.64 years, body height 163,4 ± 4.27 cm, body weight 56.39±9.72 kg, BMI 21.09±3.27 kg/m2 and BFP 21.77±8.06 %) were assigned randomly to 3 different warm-up protocols on non-consecutive days. The warm-up protocols consisted of only 5 minutes of jogging (WS), 5 minutes of jogging and 30 seconds static warm up (30-SS), 5 minutes of jogging and 60 seconds static warm up (60-SS). Following each morning (10.00) warm-up session, participants were tested on the 50 m freestyle and breaststroke swimming performance. Warm up protocols (WS, 30-SS and 60-SS) were compared by repeated measures analyses of variance (ANOVA). Based on the results of this study, it was found that there are significant differences between warm up I (no war up) and SS-30, SS-60 on freestyle and breaststroke swimming performance (freestyle p=.000, .014 and breaststroke p=.005, .000 respectively). When the 30-seconds and 60-second warm-up protocols were compared with eachother, a statistically significant difference was found in favor of the 30 seconds warm-up protocol in freestyle and breaststroke 50 m swimming performance (p = .001, .003). Therefore, swimmers shouldn’t prepare with static warm up protocols before 50 m freestyle and breaststroke swimming competition.  However, there is still a need for studies investigating the effect of different types of warm up protocols on different distance swimming performance scores in the future.