Biosorption of copper(II) by live and dried biomass of the white rot fungi Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Funalia trogii


Kahraman S. , ASMA D. , ERDEMOGLU S. , YESILADA O.

ENGINEERING IN LIFE SCIENCES, vol.5, no.1, pp.72-77, 2005 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/elsc.200420057
  • Title of Journal : ENGINEERING IN LIFE SCIENCES
  • Page Numbers: pp.72-77

Abstract

Biosorption is an innovative and alternative technology to remove heavy metal pollutants from aqueous solution using live, inactive and dead biomasses such as algae, bacteria and fungi. In this study, live and dried biomass of Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Funalia trogii was applied as heavy metal adsorbent material. Biosorption of copper(II) cations in aqueous solution by live and dried biomass of Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Funalia trogii was investigated to study the effects of initial heavy metal concentration, pH, temperature, contact time, agitation rate and amount of fungus. Copper(II) was taken up quickly by fungal biomass (live or dried) during the first 15 min and the most important factor which affected the copper adsorption by live and dried biomass was the pH value. An initial pH of around 5.0 allowed for an optimum adsorption performance. Live biomass of two white rot fungi showed a high copper adsorption capacity compared with dried biomass. Copper(II) uptake was found to be independent of temperature in the range of 20-45degreesC. The initial metal ion concentration (10-300 mg/L) significantly influenced the biosorption capacity of these fungi. The results indicate that a biosorption as high as 40-60% by live and dried biomass can be obtained under optimum conditions.