Impact of periodontal status on the oral mucositis in patients receiving high-dose chemotherapy


SABANCI A., KARASU B., SABANCI H. İ. , KUKU İ., KIRMIZIGÜL Ö. A.

CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00784-022-04588-6
  • Journal Name: CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: High-dose chemotherapy, Oral mucositis, Gingivitis, Periodontitis, TRANSPLANTATION, MANAGEMENT, RADIATION, PROPOSAL, TRIAL

Abstract

Objectives Oral mucositis (OM) is a frequent complication of cancer treatments. Oral mucositis and periodontal disease have a common inflammatory pattern. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the OM and its association with periodontal status in patients with hematologic malignancies who undergo high-dose chemotherapy. Materials and methods Fifty-five patients who received high-dose chemotherapy were included in the study. Full-mouth periodontal clinical measurements including plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), clinical attachment level (CAL), and probing depth (PD) values were recorded before the condition chemotherapy regime. OM monitoring was initiated 1 day after the chemotherapy and maintained for 20 days. Results Twenty-two of patients (40%) were observed oral mucositis after high-dose chemotherapy. Patients with mucositis had significantly higher GI scores than those who did not have mucositis (p < 0.05). There was a significantly moderate positive correlation between the grade of mucositis and GI scores (p < 0.05). In patients with periodontitis, the incidence of grade 1-2 mucositis was significantly higher than in the healthy group (p < 0.05). In individuals with periodontitis and gingivitis, the healing duration of mucositis was significantly longer than the healthy group (p < 0.05). Conclusions The results of this study showed that the severity grades of oral mucositis may increase in patients with gingival inflammation. The results also suggest that periodontal diseases may have a significant impact on the duration of oral mucositis.