It is very important that new generation, unique, high mechanical strength, and biocompatible hydrogel composites are developed due to their potential to be used as biomaterials in the biomedical field. Modeling of the swelling capacity and mechanical strength behavior of hydrogels is a domain of steadily increasing academic and industrial importance. These behaviors are difficult to model accurately due to hydrogels show very complex behavior depending on the content. In this study, a series of poly(acrylamide-co-2-acrylamido-2-methylpropan sulfonic acid)-g-carboxymethyl cellulose/TiO2 (poly(AAm-co-AMPS)-g-CMC/TiO2) superabsorbent hydrogel composites were prepared by free-radical graft copolymerization in aqueous solution. Structural and surface morphology characterizations were conducted by using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscope analysis techniques. For modeling the equilibrium swelling capacity and fracture strength behaviors of hydrogels, the composition parameters (such as mole ratio of AMPS/AAm, wt% of CMC, and wt% of TiO2) was proposed by response surface method (RSM) Design Expert-10 software. Statistical parameters showed that the RSM model has good performance in modeling the swelling capacity and mechanic fracture strength behaviors of poly(AAm-co-AMPS)-g-CMC/TiO2 hydrogel composites. According to the RSM model results, the maximum swelling capacity and fracture strength values were calculated as 270.39 g water/g polymer and 159.23 kPa, respectively.