Leaf-based plant species recognition based on improved local binary pattern and extreme learning machine

Turkoglu M., HANBAY D.

PHYSICA A-STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS, vol.527, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 527
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.physa.2019.121297
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Plant classification, Local binary pattern, Image descriptors, Region-overall LBP, Extreme learning machine, FEATURE-EXTRACTION, FACE RECOGNITION, CLASSIFICATION, DESCRIPTORS
  • Inonu University Affiliated: Yes


Over the past 15 years, many feature extraction methods have been used and developed for the recognition of plant species. These methods have mostly been performed using separation operations from the background based on a pre-processing stage. However, the Local Binary Patterns (LBP) method, which provides high performance in object recognition, is used to obtain textural features from images without need for a pre-processing stage. In this paper, we propose different approaches based on LBP for the recognition of plant leaves using extracted texture features from plant leaves. While the original LBP converts color images to gray tones, the proposed methods are applied by using the R and G color channel of images. In addition, we evaluate the robustness of the proposed methods against noise such as salt & pepper and Gaussian. Later, the obtained features from the proposed methods were classified and tested using the Extreme Learning Machine (ELM) method. The experimental works were performed using various plant leaf datasets such as Flavia, Swedish, ICL, and Foliage. According to the obtained performance results, the calculated accuracy values for Flavia, Swedish, ICL and Foliage datasets were 98.94%, 99.46%, 83.71%, and 92.92%, respectively. The results demonstrate that the proposed method was more successful when compared to the original LBP, improved LBP methods, and other image descriptors for both noisy and noiseless images. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved